Friday, 9 March 2018

Why does Hippolytus give up an easy life in preference to a rustic life in the lap of Nature?

Hippolytus was prince by birth. It is quite reasonable that he would prefer a court life. Despite all its splendor, pomp and pleasure, the court life of Athens was not without its vices. Over and above the presence of smart, beautiful woman made it susceptible to depravity and moral turpitude. Hippolytus, averse to worldly life, had no such ambition as to rule the state after his father. He preferred a life far from the madding crowd’s ignoble strife. As such he was irresistibly drawn to the rustic life, unspoiled by modernity.

Wednesday, 14 February 2018

Sartre’s Nausea combines phenomenology and existentialist.

Nausea is a novel by the existentialist philosopher Jean Paul Sartre. This novel fictionalizes Sartrean brand of existentialism. It represents a world without god or meaning. It discovers the meaninglessness of existence through an enquiry into the perceptual understanding of the universe. Based on these observations, we shall attempt to reveal how Sartre's Nausea combines phenomenology and existentialism.

Discuss the theme of Good and Evil in Lord of the Flies.

The struggle between good and evil is the central theme of the central theme of the Lord of the Flies. This theme has been presented through the conflicts between the conch group and the savages, between the boys and the terrifying 'beast' and between rescue from a passing ship and imprisonment on the increasingly insane island. But the major conflict between good and evil lies in the bitter struggle between Ralph and Jack for power and leadership on the island.

Discuss the significance of the mock - hunts in Lord of flies.

The mock-hunts in Lord of the Flies are symbols of primitivism and barbarism. The mock- hunt begins as a pure sport for the sake of fun but gradually it turns into savagery and cruelty. There are three mock hunts in the novel.

What is a code hero? Would you call Santiago a Hemingway code hero?

Hemingway character or code hero himself would never speak of a code. He is a man of action rather than a man of theory. We call him the code hero because he represent a code according to which the hero, by  observing it, would  be able to live properly in the world of violence, disorder, and misery to which he has been introduced and which he inhabits. The code hero thus offers certain principles of honor, courage and endurance which in a life of tension and pain make a man a man and enable him to conduct himself well in the losing battle-that is life. Santiago in The Old Man and the Sea is the code hero at his best.

Do you consider The Old Man and the Sea as an allegory of man's struggle in life?

Literally The Old Man and the Sea is a story of an old fisherman's single-handed fight with a huge fight in the Gulf Stream north of Havana, but it has various allegorical interpretations. First it may be regarded as a Christian allegory. It has also been treated as an allegory of an artist's struggle with his material. But the story may be seen as an epic metaphor for life. Human life is here depicted as a struggle against the unconquerable forces of the world, in which a kind of victory is nevertheless possible. Hemingway portrays here Santiago, a simple old fisherman who is capable of an extraordinary dignity and heroism by means of which he wins a moral victory, even though he faces a heartbreaking defeat.

“Jaques is a bundle of inconsistencies”?

According to Stanley Wood, Jaqus is a bundle of inconsistencies. He is a mixture of ‘witty sensibility and merry sadness’. He is a child of folly and a professor of wisdom. At one moment he loves his melancholy better than his laughing, but at another moment, he laughs ‘sans intermission an hour by his dial’. At one time he seeks society; at another he avoids the company of man. He has been sensual in his youth and has exhausted all the pleasures of the artificial life of the court. He is a man of lively imagination and artistic temperament. Being deceived in his intercourse with man, he turns from the vanities of the court to seek comfort and consolation in nature and solitude. But he cannot change his nature. He has not within him the spirit of reverence and contentment to lead him to true happiness. Thus, he is a bundle of inconsistencies.