It was Freud the modern psychologist who built up the theory of ‘Oedipus complex’ on the basis of the ancient myth of Oedipus Rex of Thebes. To explain his theory he says that a mother’s love for her son and a son’s love for his mother are fundamentally based upon the attraction between apposite sexes. Lawrence was quite well aware of Freud’s theory about Oedipus complex at the time he wrote sons and lovers. Mrs Morel as we have seen at the time of reading the novel seems to have a kind of Jocasta complex towards her two favorite sons William and Paul. Being disappointed in her marriage to Walter morel she deliberately directs all her passions towards her sons urging them on to success in life. Her passionate intense attachment for them however arouses in life. Her passionate intense attachment for them however arouses a reciprocal and unhealthy dependence in her sons. This furious love first destroys William then threatens to destroy Paul for it keeps the boys from being able to form wholesome and natural relationships with other women. They are not only Gertrude morel’s son’s but also her lovers in the true Freudian sense. Thus the novel is actually an extended study of the Oedipus complex and its operations an examination of the morel boys neurotic behavior as Sons and lovers.
Sunday, 1 April 2018
Friday, 9 March 2018
Hippolytus was prince by birth. It is quite reasonable that he would prefer a court life. Despite all its splendor, pomp and pleasure, the court life of Athens was not without its vices. Over and above the presence of smart, beautiful woman made it susceptible to depravity and moral turpitude. Hippolytus, averse to worldly life, had no such ambition as to rule the state after his father. He preferred a life far from the madding crowd’s ignoble strife. As such he was irresistibly drawn to the rustic life, unspoiled by modernity.
Wednesday, 14 February 2018
Nausea is a novel by the existentialist philosopher Jean Paul Sartre. This novel fictionalizes Sartrean brand of existentialism. It represents a world without god or meaning. It discovers the meaninglessness of existence through an enquiry into the perceptual understanding of the universe. Based on these observations, we shall attempt to reveal how Sartre's Nausea combines phenomenology and existentialism.
The struggle between good and evil is the central theme of the central theme of the Lord of the Flies. This theme has been presented through the conflicts between the conch group and the savages, between the boys and the terrifying 'beast' and between rescue from a passing ship and imprisonment on the increasingly insane island. But the major conflict between good and evil lies in the bitter struggle between Ralph and Jack for power and leadership on the island.
The mock-hunts in Lord of the Flies are symbols of primitivism and barbarism. The mock- hunt begins as a pure sport for the sake of fun but gradually it turns into savagery and cruelty. There are three mock hunts in the novel.
Hemingway character or code hero himself would never speak of a code. He is a man of action rather than a man of theory. We call him the code hero because he represent a code according to which the hero, by observing it, would be able to live properly in the world of violence, disorder, and misery to which he has been introduced and which he inhabits. The code hero thus offers certain principles of honor, courage and endurance which in a life of tension and pain make a man a man and enable him to conduct himself well in the losing battle-that is life. Santiago in The Old Man and the Sea is the code hero at his best.
Literally The Old Man and the Sea is a story of an old fisherman's single-handed fight with a huge fight in the Gulf Stream north of Havana, but it has various allegorical interpretations. First it may be regarded as a Christian allegory. It has also been treated as an allegory of an artist's struggle with his material. But the story may be seen as an epic metaphor for life. Human life is here depicted as a struggle against the unconquerable forces of the world, in which a kind of victory is nevertheless possible. Hemingway portrays here Santiago, a simple old fisherman who is capable of an extraordinary dignity and heroism by means of which he wins a moral victory, even though he faces a heartbreaking defeat.