Tuesday, 3 July 2018

What Picture of a Black American do you Get from the Poem, ‘I, Too, Sing America’?

Picture of a Black American from the Poem, ‘I, Too, Sing America’?


The persona of the poem, ‘I, Too, Sing America’ speaks out as a black American slave at a white American’s house. He gives a brief but significant picture of himself as a slave. This poem was published in 1945, about a decade before the Civil Rights Movement in America which started about the year 1955, and ended with the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Nearly hundred years after the Proclamation of Emancipation, African-Americans wereregarded as inferior citizens of America and denied equal rights and privileges with the Whites. In the 1940s, many black Americans were servants in the white Americans’ houses. This poem gives a short description of how the persona was treated at a white man’s house. The house master sent him to kitchen for having his meal there, when some white guests visited them. The black servant was not allowed to sit and eat with them.  A clear distinction was made between the black and the white Americans.

The poet gives a very brief account of the condition of the black American slave, but though brief, the picture is significant, and representative of the conditions of the black Americans in all situations of their life in America.

What Impression do you form of Estragon in Waiting for Godot?

Impression of Estragon in Waiting for Godot 

Of the two tramps in Waiting for Godot, Estragon impresses us as the earthier one. He seems to be more animal, more related to things physical. His concern with his boots symbolizes concern with his roots in the soil. He seems to be in easy communion with the darker side of human nature. He is not afraid of the instinctive, irrational, unconscious forces in himself. He is less intelligent and less able than anyone to decide which day it is. He is unable to follow Vladimir’s religious discussion, expressing ignorance and bewilderment over such things as the Bible, the Saviour and Salvation. He does not even know the story of the two thieves’ on the cross. When Vladimir expresses concern over the apparent disagreement of the Gospels when they deal with this episode, Estragon finds no intellectual problem. Further he is dependent on Vladimir. Estragon has to be reminded continually that they must wait for Godot. Estragon suggests from time to time that it might be better if he and his friend parted, but as Vladimir informs us he always comes crawling back.

Friday, 29 June 2018

Discuss the Symbolic Significance of the Setting in Heart of Darkness

Symbolic Significance of the Setting in Heart of Darkness

Africa itself with its forests its heat and its mysteries is only a symbol of the larger darkness which exists in the heart of man. It is true that Heart of Darkness leads us to the dark region of the heart of man who has surrendered himself to the weaker passions of life such as greed and lust for wealth. The dark forests of central Africa also symbolize primitive savagery lust and greed the darkness of ancient savagery and barbarism. The degeneration of the white men under the corroding influence of these tropical regions is symbolic of the degeneration and decay corruption and loss of values of contemporary civilization. This decay and disorder is also symbolized by the rusting boilers upturned engines and railway lines decaying machinery etc. which Marlow comes across at the first company’s station. The inner station of the company where Kurtz stays symbolizes the subconscious and the fog which envelops the ship symbolizes the difficult process through which alone one can reach the subconscious.

Sunday, 1 April 2018

What Use does Sons and Lovers Make of the Oedipus Complex

Things Uses that Sons and Lovers Make of the Oedipus Complex

 It was Freud the modern psychologist who built up the theory of Oedipus complex on the basis of the ancient myth of Oedipus Rex of Thebes. To explain his theory he says that a mother’s love for her son and a son’s love for his mother are fundamentally based upon the attraction between apposite sexes. Lawrence was quite well aware of Freud’s theory about Oedipus complex at the time he wrote sons and lovers. Mrs Morel as we have seen at the time of reading the novel seems to have a kind of Jocasta complex towards her two favorite sons William and Paul. Being disappointed in her marriage to Walter morel she deliberately directs all her passions towards her sons urging them on to success in life. Her passionate intense attachment for them however arouses in life. Her passionate intense attachment for them however arouses a reciprocal and unhealthy dependence in her sons. This furious love first destroys William then threatens to destroy Paul for it keeps the boys from being able to form wholesome and natural relationships with other women. They are not only Gertrude morel’s son’s but also her lovers in the true Freudian sense. Thus the novel is actually an extended study of the Oedipus complex and its operations an examination of the morel boys neurotic behavior as Sons and lovers.

Friday, 9 March 2018

Why does Hippolytus give up an easy life in preference to a rustic life in the lap of Nature?

Reason that Hippolytus give up an easy life in preference to a rustic life in the lap of Nature?

Hippolytus was prince by birth. It is quite reasonable that he would prefer a court life. Despite all its splendor, pomp and pleasure, the court life of Athens was not without its vices. Over and above the presence of smart, beautiful woman made it susceptible to depravity and moral turpitude. Hippolytus, averse to worldly life, had no such ambition as to rule the state after his father. He preferred a life far from the madding crowd’s ignoble strife. As such he was irresistibly drawn to the rustic life, unspoiled by modernity.

Wednesday, 14 February 2018

Sartre’s Nausea Combines Phenomenology and Existentialist.


Nausea Combines Phenomenology and Existentialist


Nausea is a novel by the existentialist philosopher Jean Paul Sartre. This novel fictionalizes Sartrean brand of existentialism. It represents a world without god or meaning. It discovers the meaninglessness of existence through an enquiry into the perceptual understanding of the universe. Based on these observations, we shall attempt to reveal how Sartre's Nausea combines phenomenology and existentialism.

Discuss the theme of Good and Evil in Lord of the Flies.


Good and Evil in Lord of the Flies


The struggle between good and evil is the central theme of the central theme of the Lord of the Flies. This theme has been presented through the conflicts between the conch group and the savages, between the boys and the terrifying 'beast' and between rescue from a passing ship and imprisonment on the increasingly insane island. But the major conflict between good and evil lies in the bitter struggle between Ralph and Jack for power and leadership on the island.